Laranja, Limão e… DMT! [Portas da Percepção Ed. 284#]

Portas da Percepção

hempadao 7 agosto, 2014

por  Fernando Beserra

Pesquisas dos anos de 2012 e 2013, publicadas no Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, demonstram algo que poderia ser, à primeira vista, surpreendente: substâncias cítricas como limão e laranja contêm traços de Dimetiltriptamina (DMT) e 5-Hidroxi-N¹N-DMT (Bufotenina). A triptamina DMT é o principal princípio ativo do chá da ayahuasca, conhecido também no Brasil pelos nomes de Daime, Hoasca, Vegetal, dentre outros. A ayahuasca, como os leitores aqui do Portas da Percepção tem plena consciência, é uma substância enteogênica ou psicodélica.

 

Constata-se a curiosa situação: a décima segunda substância, na lista de substâncias psicotrópicas da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA), é o DMT. Portanto, o DMT é uma substância proibida no Brasil e, por conseguinte, categorizada como “droga” em território nacional, em acordo com a lei 11.343/06. O uso permitido do DMT é o uso religioso [no caso da ayahuasca], conforme regulamentação da Secretaria Nacional de Políticas sobre Drogas (SENAD).

A situação coloca os limões e laranjas em situação análoga a das sementes de Argyréia nervosa, Ipomoea violácea e Rivea corymbosa, que contém LSA. Enquanto o LSA é substância proibida (pela mesma portaria que proibiu a Salvia divinorum), as plantas que contém LSA não são proibidas, o que permite o porte e o comércio de plantas e sementes. Nesta ambiguidade legislativa, muitos usuários de ayahuasca já foram reprimidos e mesmo presos. Caso fosse seguida esta lógica, os usuários de limão e laranja estariam expostos ao Artigo 28 da Lei 11.343/06, na qual se lê:

Art. 28. Quem adquirir, guardar, tiver em depósito, transportar ou trouxer consigo, para consumo pessoal, drogas sem autorização ou em desacordo com determinação legal ou regulamentar será submetido às seguintes penas:

I – advertência sobre os efeitos das drogas; (nota minha: seria curioso. Acho que poderiam explicar os benefícios da vitamina C, por exemplo);

II – prestação de serviços à comunidade;

III – medida educativa de comparecimento a programa ou curso educativo.

Já os comerciantes destas drogas, laranjas e limões, como os “traficantes” dos Hortifrutis, feireiros e demais vendedores ou produtores, ficariam expostos ao Artigo 33 da dita Lei:

Art. 33. Importar, exportar, remeter, preparar, produzir, fabricar, adquirir, vender, expor à venda, oferecer, ter em deposito, transportar, trazer consigo, guardar, prescrever, ministrar, entregar a consumo ou fornecer drogas, ainda que gratuitamente, sem autorização ou em desacordo com determinação legal ou regulamentar:

Pena – reclusão de 5 (cinco) a 15 (quinze) anos e pagamento de 500 (quinhentos) a 1.500 (mil e quinhentos) dias-multa.

Não precisaríamos ir tão longe, pois, com efeito, o DMT também está presente no cérebro humano e, possivelmente, é produzido de forma endógena. Todos portamos DMT e poderíamos nos entregar como criminosos na próxima delegacia de polícia.

Segundo a pesquisa, a laranja tem, em média, entre 0,03 0,05 mg/kg da substância proibida. A dose ativa do fármaco fumado ronda os 20 a 30 mg e tomado oralmente cerca de 50 mg (embora a dose oral, estabelecida no Phikal, seja de 350mg). Jonathan Ott, no Pharmacotheon, cita uma série de experimentos realizados para estabelecer doses mínimas e médias em distintos usos. O uso oral teria uma dose psicoativa mínima (com IMAO) entre 0,25 e 0,5 mg/kg, isto é, de 15 a 30 mg para uma pessoa de 60kg e 20-40mg para uma pessoa de 80kg. No entanto, há algo muito peculiar no DMT. Ao ser ingerido por via oral ele é destruído por enzimas da monoamonoxidase (MAO) no fígado e no intestino, de modo que não provoca seu efeito psicoativo de forma plena. Para que isso ocorra é necessário uso de inibidores de MAO (IMAO), como ocorre na mistura das folhas de Psychotria viridis e com o caule do Banisteriopsis caapi, tratando-se da ayahuasca. Uma alternativa conhecida é o uso das sementes de Pegnum harmala

Logo, haveria essa possibilidade de suco de laranja, em conjunto com IMAO, produzir o efeito psicodélico. E, pasmem, a famosa fruta maracujá contém beta-carbolinas com traços de IMAO.

O usuário que optasse pelo método de tomar sucos de laranja e maracujá para promover uma viagem, no entanto, teriam que se aventurar a consumir quantidades estratosféricas de suco, isto é, no mínimo, caso pese 60kg e tome laranjas com 0,05 mg/kg de DMT, seriam necessários 300 kg de laranja. Isso só para falar da laranja… No caso do IMAO, uma substância que tem quantidades altas do mesmo certamente não é o maracujá, mas a Peganum harmala.

Nos EUA a situação é ainda pior que no Brasil. Com os resultados da pesquisa mencionada, a laranja e o limão encontram-se em situação análoga, legalmente, por exemplo, a da heroína. A conclusão óbvia é: a Guerra as Drogas é uma piada sem graça!

Página da coluna "Portas da Percepção" no Facebook

Artigos:

Servillo, L., Giovane, A., Balestrieri, M. L., Cautela, D., and Castaldo, D. 2012. N‑Methylated tryptamine derivatives in Citrus genus plants: Identification of N,N,N‑trimethyltryptamine in bergamot. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60(37): 9512–9518. Epub 7 Sep 2012. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf302767e

Servillo, L., Giovane, A., Balestrieri, M. L., Casale, R., Cautela, D., and Castaldo, D. 2013. Citrusgenus plants contain N‑methylated tryptamine derivatives and their 5‑hydroxylated forms.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61(21): 5156–5162. Epub 17 May 2013. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf401448q

Reportagem sobre as pesquisas:

The Nexian

Lista de substâncias de uso proscrito no Brasil: AQUI

Outros posts sobre Ayahuasca no Hempadão:

Breves palavras sobre a ayahuasca – parte I

Breves palavras sobre a ayahuasca – parte II

Breves palavras sobre a ayahuasca – parte III

Análogos da ayahuasca

Estudos sobre a ayahuasca – enteogenia brasileira

Psicóloga presa com DMT

Encontro: ayahuasca e o tratamento da depressão



73 respostas para “Laranja, Limão e… DMT! [Portas da Percepção Ed. 284#]”

  1. Avatar RobinHPenrod disse:

    Great post.

    Also visit my web-site RobinHPenrod

  2. It is a good idea to keep the amount of ads on your site to a minimum.

  3. Avoid playing football in extreme weather.

  4. While you are going to need some ads to make some revenue, it is important that you do not over do it.

  5. Continue practicing different kicking styles until you have at least 6 kicks that you can use when kicking a penalty kick.

  6. Avatar Joker Online disse:

    When you play soccer, it is important to know how to control the ball with your body.

  7. You want to give your readers as little to complain about as possible so they will come back to your site often.

  8. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after going through many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently.

  9. Avatar Vegus disse:

    If you are constantly on the move, and filled with energy, the other team will have to step up their game to match your enthusiasm.

  10. Avatar cheap flights disse:

    Hey! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?

    My website looks weird when viewing from my apple iphone.

    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be
    able to correct this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share.
    Thank you!

  11. Avatar cheap flights disse:

    Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and appearance.
    I must say that you’ve done a awesome job with this. Additionally, the blog loads very fast for me on Chrome.
    Excellent Blog!

  12. Avatar cheap flights disse:

    Hello there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog
    platform are you using for this website? I’m getting sick
    and tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues
    with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.
    I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a
    good platform. 31muvXS cheap flights

  13. A further issue is that video games are usually serious naturally with the major focus on learning rather than amusement. Although, it has an entertainment part to keep the kids engaged, each and every game is normally designed to work with a specific expertise or curriculum, such as instructional math or scientific research. Thanks for your write-up.

  14. Sapid Agency is a Search Engine Optimization company in New York City that provides SEO Services. Their proprietary SEO strategies help struggling websites and aspiring business owners to rank their websites higher in multiple search engines like Google , Yahoo and Bing. They provide local and gmb map ranking for businesses in NYC and many other local areas. Find more at https://www.sapidagency.com/ @ 145 E 57TH NEW YORK, NY 10022, USA, +1 971 341 5608 USA

  15. Avatar zenyte disse:

    Aw, this was an exceptionally nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to make a very good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and never seem to get nearly anything done.

  16. Avatar Best CBD Oil disse:

    Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning this post and the rest of the website is really good.

  17. This website certainly has all of the information I needed about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  18. Avatar Ramiro Larkey disse:

    I just hope to notify you that I am new to having a blog and undeniably cherished your article. Quite possibly I am likely to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have fabulous article information. Value it for giving out with us all of your blog write-up

  19. Avatar instalooker disse:

    I enjoy reading through an article that will make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment.

  20. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly happy I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently.

  21. Everything is very open with a really clear description of the challenges. It was truly informative. Your site is useful. Thanks for sharing!

  22. Avatar accusingly disse:

    After looking over a few of the articles on your site, I seriously like your way of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my website too and tell me what you think.

  23. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both
    show the same results.

  24. I do consider all of the concepts you have presented on your post. They are very convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for beginners. May you please lengthen them a little from next time? Thank you for the post.

  25. F*ckin’ remarkable issues here. I’m very glad to see your post. Thank you so much and i am looking ahead to contact you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  26. I wanted to thank you for this very good read!! I absolutely loved every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post…

  27. Howdy there, just became aware about your blog site through Yahoo and bing, and discovered that it’s very good. I’ll appreciate if you decide to keep up these.

  28. Avatar cogethers disse:

    I blog often and I seriously appreciate your content. The article has really peaked my interest. I’m going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new details about once per week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  29. You have made some decent points there. I looked on the web to find out more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

  30. Great blog you’ve got here.. It’s hard to find high quality writing like yours these days. I truly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

  31. Dead written subject matter, regards for entropy.

  32. Hello! I simply would like to offer a massive thumbs up for the wonderful information you have below on this post. I will certainly be returning to your blog for more quickly.

  33. Normally I don’t read post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thank you, quite great post.

  34. Avatar descuento disse:

    I love it when individuals get together and share thoughts. Great blog, stick with it!

  35. Avatar ufa888a disse:

    Good blog post. I definitely appreciate this website. Continue the good work!

  36. I’ll immediately seize your rss as I can’t find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me recognize so that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  37. Awesome! Its really awesome post, I have
    got much clear idea about from this post.

  38. Avatar sellefied disse:

    Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  39. Avatar Wedding disse:

    Very good information. Lucky me I discovered your site by chance (stumbleupon). I have saved as a favorite for later.

  40. Spot on with this write-up, I really feel this site needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be returning to read through more, thanks for the information.

  41. Avatar Odilia Selim disse:

    Seriously compelling elements you have remarked, thanks so much for posting.

  42. Avatar You Can Print disse:

    This is a topic which is near to my heart… Take care! Exactly where are your contact details though?

  43. Avatar g think disse:

    Generally I do not learn article on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very
    pressured me to try and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me.
    Thank you, very nice post.

  44. FreeSpinner can assist you getting the results you want.

  45. Avatar Debra Mada disse:

    It can be mostly unattainable to see well-qualified viewers on this content, nonetheless you seem like you realize which you’re writing about! Appreciation

  46. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick in NYC at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888.

  47. I was able to find good info from your content.

  48. Sapid Agency is a Search Engine Optimization company in New York City that provides SEO Services. Their proprietary SEO strategies help struggling websites and aspiring business owners to rank their websites higher in multiple search engines like Google , Yahoo and Bing. They provide local and gmb map ranking for businesses in NYC and many other local areas. Find more at https://www.sapidagency.com/ @ 145 E 57TH NEW YORK, NY 10022, USA, +1 971 341 5608 USA

  49. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick in NYC at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888.

  50. This is the right blog for anyone who really wants to find out about this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject that’s been discussed for years. Excellent stuff, just wonderful.

  51. Avatar Real led disse:

    Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after going through many of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly happy I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

  52. Avatar hiphop beats disse:

    You made some good points there. I checked on the internet to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  53. I couldn’t resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!

  54. This is the right webpage for everyone who would like to find out about this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic that’s been written about for years. Great stuff, just great.

  55. I’ve observed that in the world the present moment, video games are classified as the latest trend with children of all ages. Many times it may be difficult to drag your family away from the video games. If you want the best of both worlds, there are various educational games for kids. Good post.

  56. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe that this site needs far more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the info.

  57. You’ve made some decent points there. I checked on the web for more information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.

  58. Do you believe past lives? Do you think is reincarnation real?

  59. Very good info. Lucky me I ran across your site by accident (stumbleupon). I’ve saved as a favorite for later!

  60. This excellent website really has all the information and facts I needed concerning this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  61. May I simply just say what a comfort to find somebody who really understands what they’re discussing over the internet. You certainly understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people should check this out and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you are not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  62. Right here is the right website for everyone who really wants to find out about this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a subject which has been written about for a long time. Wonderful stuff, just excellent.

  63. Hey, what kind of anti-spam plugin do you use for your blog.*;:*;

  64. Avatar Kirby Iriarte disse:

    Found this on Yahoo and I’m glad I did. Well written article.

  65. Avatar Davis Dreyfus disse:

    I simply want to mention I am just very new to blogging and site-building and definitely savored your web-site. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You certainly have very good articles. Appreciate it for sharing your blog site.

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *




[pro_ad_display_adzone id=17608]
[pro_ad_display_adzone id=17609]