A ignorada faceta produtiva da cannabis

Clipadão

hempadao 14 setembro, 2013

por Canal Vermelho

O cultivo de cânhamo (Cannabis sativa), do qual se obtém o haxixe e a maconha, pode ser uma opção para uso medicinal, alimentar e industrial, como o têxtil, que atrairia importantes investimentos e desenvolvimento no México, se for legalizado e regulamentado seu cultivo e sua comercialização, afirmam especialistas.

Por Emilio Godoy, na agência IPS

"É uma alternativa de grande produção agrícola, pois cresce de todos os lados e os usos atuais e potenciais representam uma oportunidade inegável e muito atraente para o desenvolvimento econômico", disse à IPS o cineasta e fotógrafo Julio Zenil, um dos promotores mais ativos no México a favor da regulamentação da maconha, conhecida popularmente como "mota".

Zenil, que no final da década passada importou roupa feita com tecido elaborado a partir do cânhamo, escreveu junto com Jorge Hernández e Leopoldo Rivera o livro La Mota. Compêndio Atualizado da Maconha no México, que, segundo seus autores, trata de "desmistificar uma planta cujo problema principal é a histeria e manipulação midiática que ocorre diante de sua presença em nossa sociedade".

Esta planta, presente em quase todo o mundo, cresce em cerca de um ano e pode alcançar sete metros de altura, sem necessidade de agro-químicos e com capacidade de capturar grandes volumes de carbono. A casca do talo desenvolve muitas fibras, e uma pequeníssima quantidade de resina. Também se esclarece que o talo não é psicoativo e a fibra é mais longa, mais forte, mais absorvente e mais isolante do que o algodão. Seus usos incluem alimento, forragem, cosméticos, óleos, têxteis, papel, cordas e biocombustíveis. Quanto à sua semente, afirma-se ser muito nutritiva, contendo grande quantidade de ácidos graxos, rica em vitaminas e é uma boa fonte de fibra dietética.

O esquema antidrogas mexicano está cheio de contradições. A Lei Geral de Saúde permite no México a posse de cinco gramas dessa erva para consumo pessoal, mas sua produção distribuição e venda estão proibidas. A legislação do México também impede toda atividade ligada à produção e transformação do cânhamo industrial, embora acordos que mantém com outros países, como o Tratado de Livre Comércio da América do Norte, vigente desde 1994 com Canadá e Estados Unidos, e o assinado com a União Europeia, permitam o intercâmbio de vários de seus derivados.

A Convenção Única de 1961 sobre Entorpecentes, a Convenção das Nações Unidas Contra o Tráfico de Entorpecentes e Substâncias Psicotrópicas, de 1988, e o Convênio sobre Substâncias Psicotrópicas, de 1971, não restringem a produção de cânhamo industrial, mas censuram a plantação, produção e o comércio da cannabis como droga. Alguns países também a vetam ao confundi-la com a maconha, que é processada da planta feminina da cannabis.

O cultivo "tem um lado econômico ao qual se deve dar atenção. Temos que ver como fazer a regulação", disse à IPS o economista Pedro Aspe, que foi ministro da Fazenda do governo de Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1994). O uso do cânhamo remonta há oito mil anos na antiga China, onde era usado para produzir papel, embora também haja sinais de sua existência em outras partes do mundo. Os conquistadores espanhóis introduziram a planta no século 16 e, 200 anos depois, impulsionaram sua plantação como fonte de matéria-prima.

Em 1920, o governo mexicano aplicou a primeira censura ao cultivo e comércio da maconha, antes incluso na Lei do Imposto sobre Maconha dos Estados Unidos, que marcou o início da proibição dessa variedade de cânhamo. A plantação ilegal de maconha se concentra em Estados do oeste e sul do México, produção destinada ao lucrativo mercado norte-americano. O cânhamo é um dos mais versáteis e fortes produtos agrícolas e é usado em mais de 2.500 produtos e subprodutos.

A empresa The Latin America Hemp Trading e a campanha para o Ano Internacional das Fibras Naturais mediram, em 2009, o mercado mundial de cânhamo para fibra em mais de 90 mil toneladas anuais, das quais a China é responsável por 50%, a União Europeia por 25%, e o restante é dividido entre Canadá, Chile, Coreia do Sul e Austrália, entre outros.

O ótimo rendimento da fibra de cânhamo passa das duas toneladas por hectare, enquanto a média é de 650 quilos. Porém, o rendimento médio da semente fica em uma tonelada por hectare, segundo dados revelados para o Ano Internacional das Fibras Naturais, promovido em 2009 pela Organização das Nações Unidas para a Alimentação e a Agricultura (FAO). No México se tolera a importação de sementes, cânhamo bruto, fios e fibra para a elaboração de cordas.

Desde 2007, foram apresentadas pelo menos oito iniciativas no Congresso mexicano e em parlamentos estaduais para despenalizar a maconha, das quais ao menos três falam em aproveitamento industrial da variedade. Essas iniciativas concordam que permitir e regular o cultivo legal do cânhamo seria uma opção de desenvolvimento para milhares de produtores rurais e estimularia a incursão em novas indústrias, como papel, têxteis, alimentos, médicas, cosméticas ou construção, entre outras possíveis.

Caso o México permita a plantação de maconha, um dos interessados em investir em sua produção rapidamente é o empresário agrícola Guillermo Torreslanda. "Temos que ter legislação. Se poderia ir copiando o que foi feito em outros lugares e adequar às nossas condições. Se poderia pensar em esquemas de produção, com apoio agrícola e financiamento", disse o empresário à IPS. Torreslanda sugere esquemas de produção e distribuição separados, para que não haja monopólios e se alimente a competição.

"O caso do México é paradoxal. O comércio de produtos de cânhamo é completamente regular, mas, como é legalmente impossível semear ou obter algum benefício da planta, também é impossível criar uma indústria normal do cânhamo", pontuou Zenil. "Em outras partes isto é um autêntico programa de substituição de importações, e estão conseguindo", destacou Aspe.
Fonte: Envolverde



65 respostas para “A ignorada faceta produtiva da cannabis”

  1. Very good info. Lucky me I came across your blog by accident (stumbleupon). I have saved as a favorite for later!|

  2. Hello my loved one! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and come with approximately all vital infos. I’d like to peer extra posts like this .|

  3. Avatar Read More disse:

    your writing really helped me I know what steps to take.

  4. Avatar Check my Site disse:

    If you wish for to take a great deal from this post then you have to apply these techniques to your won blog.|

  5. It’s enormous that you are getting thoughts from this paragraph as well as from our dialogue made here.|

  6. Hi! I just would like to give you a big thumbs up for your excellent info you have here on this post. I’ll be returning to your website for more soon.|

  7. Avatar IDN Domino disse:

    My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a number of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!|

  8. Avatar Salley Lukesh disse:

    quite interesting article. however, in some cases it still needs improvement.

  9. Aw, this was a really good post. Spending some time and actual effort to produce a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and don’t manage to get anything done.

  10. Avatar page disse:

    Hurrah, that’s what I was seeking for, what a information! present here at this web site, thanks admin of this web page.|

  11. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this website. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and visual appearance. I must say you have done a superb job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Internet explorer. Excellent Blog!|

  12. I simply could not depart your site prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard info an individual provide in your visitors? Is going to be back often to check up on new posts|

  13. Avatar Jerry Lockley disse:

    I merely want to inform you that I am new to wordpress blogging and pretty much cherished your page. Very possible I am going to bookmark your blog post . You definitely have impressive article content. Like it for discussing with us all of your internet site information

  14. I have learned some essential things through your site post. One other point I would like to express is that there are plenty of games available and which are designed especially for preschool age children. They involve pattern acceptance, colors, pets, and designs. These generally focus on familiarization instead of memorization. This makes little kids occupied without feeling like they are studying. Thanks

  15. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214.

  16. Avatar read disse:

    It certainly is near unthinkable to see well-updated visitors on this subject, then again you seem like you fully understand which you’re talking about! Cheers

  17. Avatar runescape disse:

    That is a really good tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Brief but very precise info… Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read post!

  18. Avatar Best CBD Oil disse:

    Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this informative article together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it.

  19. I was more than happy to discover this great site. I need to to thank you for your time just for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every bit of it and i also have you book-marked to see new stuff in your web site.

  20. Avatar more disse:

    Might be almost not possible to come across well-informed women and men on this theme, still, you appear like you know what you’re talking about! Regards

  21. Avatar instalooker disse:

    It’s hard to find educated people on this subject, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  22. Avatar pmp exam disse:

    This is a really good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very accurate info… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read article.

  23. Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Finding the time and actual effort to generate a very good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and never manage to get nearly anything done.

  24. Avatar abuses disse:

    I could not refrain from commenting. Perfectly written!

  25. I merely have to share it with you that I am new to online blogging and genuinely loved your website. Most likely I am probably to bookmark your blog post . You literally have great article content. Delight In it for telling with us all of your blog document

  26. As soon as I observed this website I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

  27. I really like reading through a post that will make people think. Also, many thanks for allowing for me to comment.

  28. Hello my family member! I wish to say that this article is amazing, nice written and include approximately all important infos. I would like to see more posts like this.

  29. Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular post! It’s the little changes that produce the most significant changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

  30. Avatar cogethers disse:

    You made some decent points there. I checked on the internet to find out more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

  31. It can be nearly unattainable to find well-aware women and men on this issue, however, you seem like you know those things you’re preaching about! With Thanks

  32. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It will always be useful to read articles from other writers and practice a little something from their web sites.

  33. When I initially commented I clicked the -Alert me when new comments are included- checkbox and currently each time a comment is added I obtain four emails with the same remark. Exists any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  34. I like this site very much, Its a rattling nice berth to read and obtain information. “Perpetual optimism is a force multiplier.” by Colin Powell.

  35. Excellent post. I absolutely appreciate this site. Stick with it!

  36. Thank you, I’ve just been looking for information about this subject for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered so far. But, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain about the supply?

  37. Avatar fake disse:

    Hello! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after going through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back often.

  38. Avatar ufa888a disse:

    Greetings, I do think your site might be having internet browser compatibility problems. Whenever I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Apart from that, fantastic blog!

  39. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thanks, I will try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your web site?

  40. Avatar sellefied disse:

    That is a really good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very accurate info… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!

  41. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick in NYC at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888.

  42. Avatar Floyd Marett disse:

    I merely intend to tell you that I am new to blogging and completely cherished your information. Probably I am most likely to store your blog post . You seriously have fabulous article material. Love it for expressing with us all of your internet information

  43. Avatar Wedding disse:

    This site was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me. Cheers!

  44. Avatar fyers account disse:

    Good article. I absolutely love this site. Keep it up!

  45. I simply want to inform you you that I am new to putting up a blog and thoroughly loved your information. Quite possibly I am probably to bookmark your blog post . You truly have extraordinary article information. Truly Appreciate it for discussing with us your current domain write-up

  46. Avatar You Can Print disse:

    You are so cool! I do not suppose I have read anything like this before. So wonderful to find someone with some genuine thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with some originality.

  47. Creating unique articles is a hard job.

  48. Greetings! Very useful advice within this post! It’s the little changes that make the most significant changes. Many thanks for sharing!

  49. Avatar wealth disse:

    Pretty! This was an incredibly wonderful article. Thanks for providing these details.

  50. You need to be a part of a contest for one of the finest sites on the web. I most certainly will highly recommend this web site!

  51. Avatar malovabay disse:

    Everything is very open with a precise description of the challenges. It was truly informative. Your site is useful. Many thanks for sharing.

  52. I needed to thank you for this wonderful read!! I absolutely enjoyed every little bit of it. I have got you bookmarked to look at new things you post…

  53. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this site. I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal site now 😉

  54. The very next time I read a blog, Hopefully it does not disappoint me as much as this particular one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, nonetheless I genuinely thought you would probably have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you can fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  55. Do you believe in your past life? Do you think past lives regression is real?

  56. Pretty! This has been a really wonderful article. Thank you for providing these details.

  57. It’s difficult to find educated people on this topic, but you seem like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  58. I must thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this blog. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

  59. I’m extremely pleased to discover this site. I want to to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every part of it and i also have you book-marked to check out new stuff on your website.

  60. Avatar fashion urban disse:

    I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website. I am hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my very own website now 😉

  61. I besides conceive therefore , perfectly indited post! .

  62. Avatar Lane Penigar disse:

    Terrific paintings! That is the type of information that are meant to be shared around the net. Shame on the seek for no longer positioning this publish higher! Come on over and consult with my website . Thank you =)

  63. I simply want to say I am just new to weblog and actually loved your web site. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your website . You definitely come with superb article content. Cheers for sharing with us your webpage.

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *




[pro_ad_display_adzone id=17608]
[pro_ad_display_adzone id=17609]